Endangered species in Ethiopia included the simian fox, African wild ass, Tora hartebeest, Swayne's hartebeest, Waliaibex (found only in Ethiopia waldrapp, green sea turtle, and the hawksbill turtle. The population of Ethiopia in 2005 was estimated by the United Nations (UN) at 77,431,000, which placed it at number 15 in population among the 193 nations of the. Access to safe drinking water is available to 11 of the rural population and 81 of city dwellers. Ethiopia has 110 cu km of renewable water resources with 86 used in agriculture. Ethiopia's forests are endangered. Each year, the nation loses 340 square miles of forest land. Its forests and woodland decreased by 3.1993. From the rate of deforestation was at about 0.8 per year. Simien National Park is a natural UNESCO World Heritage Site. According to a 2006 report issued by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN the number of threatened species included 35 types of mammals, 20 species of birds, 1 type of reptile, 9 species of amphibians, 3 types of mollusks, 3 species of. The mean minimum during the coldest season is 6c (43f while the mean maximum rarely exceeds 26c (79f). Temperature variations in the lowlands are much greater, and the heat in the desert and Red Sea coastal areas is extreme, with occasional highs of 60c (140f).
Among the latter are the lion, civet and serval cats, elephant, bush pig, gazelle, antelope, ibex, kudu, dik-dik, oribi, reed buck, wild ass, zebra, hyena, baboon, and numerous species of monkey.